LIST OF KINGS AND CITIES FROM BEFORE THE FLOOD
IN ERIDU: ALULIM RULED AS KING 28,800 YEARS. ELALGAR RULED 43,200
YEARS. ERIDU WAS ABANDONED.
KINGSHIP WAS TAKEN TO BAD-TIBIRA.
AMMILU'ANNA THE KING RULED 36,000 YEARS. ENMEGALANNA RULED 28,800
YEARS. DUMUZI RULED 28,800 YEARS. BAD-TIBIRA WAS ABANDONED.
WAS TAKEN TO LARAK. EN-SIPA-ZI-ANNA RULED 13,800 YEARS. LARAK WAS
KINGSHIP WAS TAKEN TO SIPPAR. MEDURANKI RULED 7,200 YEARS.
SIPPAR WAS ABANDONED.
KINGSHIP WAS TAKEN TO SHURUPPAK. UBUR-TUTU
RULED 36,000 YEARS. TOTAL: 8 KINGS, THEIR YEARS: 222,600
in Sumerian on clay, Babylonia, 2000-1800 BC, 1 tablet, 8,1x6,5x2,7
cm, single column, 26 lines in cuneiform script.
Context: 5 other copies of the Antediluvian king list are known
1-2- MS 3175, 2 in Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, one is similar to this
list, containing 10 kings and 6 cities, the other is a big clay
cylinder of the Sumerian king list, on which the kings before the
flood form the first section, and has the same 8 kings in the same 5
cities as the present.
A 4th copy is in Berkeley: Museum of the University of
California, and is a school tablet.
A 5th tablet, a small fragment,
is in Istanbul.
See this page in:
Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia),
The most documented Biblical
event is the world-wide
flood described in
Genesis 6-9. A number of
Babylonian documents have been discovered which describe
the same flood.
The Sumerian King List (pictured here), for example,
kings who reigned for long periods of time. Then a great
flood came. Following the flood, Sumerian kings ruled for
much shorter periods of time. This is the same pattern found
Bible. Men had long life spans before the
flood and shorter life spans after the flood. The 11th
tablet of the Gilgamesh Epic speaks of an
animals taken on the
ark, birds sent out during the course of the flood, the
ark landing on a mountain, and a
sacrifice offered after the ark landed.
The Story of Adapa tells of a test for immortality
involving food, similar to the story of
Eve in the Garden of
tablets record the
confusion of language as we have in the Biblical account
Tower of Babel (Genesis
11:1-9). There was a golden age when all mankind spoke
the same language. Speech was then confused by the god Enki,
lord of wisdom. The
Babylonians had a similar account in which the gods
destroyed a temple tower and “scattered them abroad and made
strange their speech.”
More examples of extra-Biblical
confirmation of Biblical events
- Campaign into
Kings 14:25-26), recorded on the walls of the Temple
of Amun in Thebes,
- Revolt of
Israel (2 Kings
3:4-27), recorded on the
- Fall of
Samaria (2 Kings
Assyria, as recorded on his
- Defeat of
Sargon II (Isaiah
20:1), as recorded on his
- Campaign of the
Kings 18:13-16), as recorded on the Taylor Prism.
- Siege of
17), as recorded on the Lachish reliefs.
- Assassination of
Sennacherib by his own sons (2
Kings 19:37), as recorded in the annals of his son
- Fall of
Nineveh as predicted by the
recorded on the
Tablet of Nabopolasar.
- Fall of
Nebuchadnezzar, king of
Kings 24:10-14), as recorded in the Babylonian
Jehoiachin, king of
Kings 24:15-16), as recorded on the Babylonian
- Fall of
Babylon to the
5:30-31), as recorded on the
- Freeing of captives in
Cyrus the Great (Ezra
6:3-4), as recorded on the Cyrus Cylinder.
- The existence of
Christ as recorded by Josephus, Suetonius, Thallus,
Pliny the Younger, the Talmud, and Lucian.
Jews to leave
Rome during the reign of
Claudius (A.D. 41-54) (Acts
18:2), as recorded by Suetonius.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE SUMERIAN KING LIST
There are more than 16 fragments and one nearly complete
copy of the Sumerian King List found at different places at
different times. The first fragment was discovered in the
temple library at Nippur, Iraq, at the turn of the century
and was published in 1906. The most complete copy, the
Weld-Blundell prism, was purchased on the antiquities market
shortly after World War I and is now in the Ashmolean Museum
in Oxford, England. For a thorough discussion of the
Sumerian King List and its Biblical implications, see “The
Antediluvian Patriarchs and the Sumerian King List,” by Raul
Lopez, in the CEN Technical Journal 12 (3) 1998, pp.
Commentary: The List t provides the beginnings of Sumerian and the
world�s history as the Sumerians knew it.
The cities listed were all
very old sites, and the names of the kings are names of old types
within Sumerian name-giving.
Thus it is possible that correct
traditions are contained, though the sequence given need not be
The city dynasties may have overlapped.
It is generally
held that the Antediluvian king list is reflected in Genesis 5,
which lists the 10 patriarchs from Adam to Noah, all living from 365
years (Enoch) to 969 years (Methuselah), altogether 8,575 years.
is possible that the 222,600 years of the King List reflects a more
realistic understanding of the huge span of time from Creation to
the Flood, and the lengths of the dynasties involved.
The first of
the 5 cities mentioned , Eridu, is Uruk, in the area where the myths
places the Garden of Eden, while the last city, Shuruppak, is the
city of Ziusudra, the Sumerian Noah