El color azul indica
los dioses masculinos . El
rojo indica las diosas .
El doble nombre indica en primer lugar el nombre
sumerio y el segundo, el nombre semítico,
acadio-babilonio. Ejemplo: Utu (Shamash) Utu =
Sumerio - Shamash = Babilonio (Semitico, acadio)
Duriante la explicación se utiliza solo un nombre,
generalmente el más conocido .
Todo procede del Abzu y Tiamat
According to the Mesopotamian Mythology, at
the very beginning there was only Abzu and
Tiamat. Their union resulted in the creation
of the universe, and the existence of all
the other deities that followed. Both Abzu
and Tiamat are considered supreme deities
but yet, they have no temples at all.
Abzu: The Sweet water Ocean God. The
father of all the other gods and goddesses,
and the creator of the universe. Husband of
Tiamat, father of Anshar and Kishar.
The name (Abzu/Apsu) is the original root
word, from which the English word (Abyss)
Tiamat: The Salt water Ocean Goddess.
The mother of all the other gods and
goddesses, and the creator of the universe.
Wife of Abzu, mother of Anshar and Kishar.
Tiamat is a huge and evil, serpent-like
creature (snake or dragon), which was later
killed by Marduk, who became the national
god of Babylonians.
This picture is the most accurate
representation about Tiamat... depicted as a
big snake-like creature.
Here, Tiamat is depicted as a dragon
Anshar and Kishar: Children of Abzu and
Tiamat. Respectively, father and mother of Anu and
Anu: The powerful Sky God, ruler of Heavens.
Husband of Antu, father of Enki and Enlil. The main
temple for Anu is in the Sumerian city of Uruk.
Antu: The Sky Goddess. Wife of Anu, mother of
Enki and Enlil.
Nintu: The Earth Goddess. Wife of Shulpae,
mother of Ninurta.
Shulpae: The Earth God. Husband of Nintu,
father of Ninurta.
Ninurta: The War God. Son of Nintu and
Ninurta has the face of an eagle and the body of a
human, and he was also known for his violent
behavior and bad temper. Planet Saturn is his symbol.
Ninurta is shown here, with a face of an eagle and a
body of a human being (original)
Lugalbanda: King of Uruk. Husband of Ninsun,
father of Gilgamesh.
Ninsun: The Sheep Goddess. Mother of
Gilgamesh, from her first husband: Lugalbanda. Also,
mother of Tammuz and Geshtinanna, from her second
Gilgamesh: Shepherd-King of Uruk. Son of
Lugalbanda and Ninsun.
Two thirds of Gilgamesh is divine (god) and one
third is mortal (human). He was the hero of the Epic
named after him, and was responsible for the killing
Enki: The powerful Water and Wisdom God.
Father of Marduk from his first wife: Ninki. Also,
father of Tammuz and Geshtinanna, from his second
wife: Ninsun. The main temple for Enki is in the
Sumerian city of Eridu.
Enki is believed to live in a watery nature, as
shown here... He is inside the square.
Enki is shown here, with the fish flowing into his
Magnification of the previous picture
Drawing of the previous picture
Ninki: The Water Goddess. Wife of Enki,
mother of Marduk.
Geshtinanna: Lady of Wine. Daughter of Enki
and Ninsun, sister of Tammuz.
Tammuz: Shepherd-King of Uruk. Son of Enki
and Ninsun, brother of Geshtinanna.
He was a simple poor shepherd feeding his sheep in
the fields, then he fell in love with Ishtar and
married her, but later he betrayed her and therefore,
had to be punished.
Enlil: The powerful Air God. Husband of
Ninlil, father of Nanna. The main temple for Enlil
is in the Sumerian city of Nippur.
Ninlil: The Air Goddess. Wife of Enki, mother
Marduk: Son of Enki and Ninki. The main
temple of Marduk is in Babylon. Planet Jupiter is
According to our history, Tiamat felt jealous from
the others deities, and decided to destroy the world.
Nobody had enough courage to confront and challenge
her except Marduk. A great battle marked the
conflict between Marduk and Tiamat, the Good and the
Evil. At the end, Marduk was victorious, he cut
Tiamat in two halves, one half formed the Earth and
the other half formed the Sky, and her two eyes
created the two Rivers of Tigris and Euphrates. As a
result, Marduk was considered a hero and became the
National God of Babylonians.
Marduk is shown here, trying to kill the evil Tiamat
A European/Western depiction of the battle between
Marduk and Tiamat (imaginary)
The real Sumerian tablet featuring the battle of
Marduk and Tiamat
Nanna: The Moon God. Husband of Ningal,
father of Shamash, Ishtar, and Ereshkigal. The main
temple of Nanna was in the Sumerian city of Ur. The
Moon is his symbol.
Ningal: Wife of Nanna, mother of Shamash,
Ishtar, and Ereshkigal.
Shamash: The Sun and Justice God, the
provider of Law. Son of Nanna, brother of Ishtar and
Ereshkigal. The main temple of Shamash is in the
Sumerian city of Sippar. The Sun is his symbol.
Shamash is shown on the right, sitting on his thrown...
King Hammurabi is on the left side, getting the law
code from Shamash
Nergal: The evil God of the Underworld.
Husband of Ereshkigal.
He has the face of a human being and the body of a
bull, therefore, he is also known as the Bull of
Heaven. Nergal was later killed by Gilgamesh,
according to the Epic. Planet Mars is his symbol.
Nergal is shown here, with a face of a human and a
body of a bull
A Western/European depiction of Nergal in a human
Ereshkigal: The evil Goddess of the
Underworld. Wife of Nergal, sister of Shamash and
She rules the dark world of the death, and takes
away the living souls of humans beings. Ereshkigal
was believed to be very jealous of her sister,
Ishtar, who had all the beauty, and importance… in
addition to her love story with Tammuz.
Western/European depiction of Ereshkigal
The real Sumerian tablet featuring Ereshkigal...
shown here standing on two lions, with two owls in
the background... reflects the evil and dark
environment of the Underworld.
Ishtar: The most important identity in the
Mesopotamian Mythology. Goddess of love, sex, and
fertility. Daughter of Nanna, sister of Ereshkigal
and Shamash, wife of Tammuz. The main temple of
Ishtar is in the Sumerian city of Uruk. Planet Venus
is her symbol.
The real Sumerian tablet featuring Ishtar, standing
on two goats... reflects the peaceful nature of her
Ishtar is shown here with her scepture