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Religión, rito y ritual durante la protohistoria peninsular. El fenómeno religioso en la Cultura Ibérica. Por el Dr. Adolfo J. Domínguez Monedero. UAM.

  Roma y Cartago, después, dejaron  en la Península Ibérica como evidencia una gran cantidad de evidencias numismáticas.

 

IN MEMORIAM ALEXANDER FOL

03. 07. 1933 - 01. 03. 2006

"Megas Alekandros"

 

IN MEMORIAM ALEXANDER FOL

03. 07. 1933 - 01. 03. 2006

"Megas Alekandros"

 

Ha muerto en Sofía (Bulgaria)  el 1-3-2006  el  investigador Dr.Alexander Fol,  Presidente de Instituto de Estudios Tracios y de la Internacional  Association of  Indoeuropean and Thracian Studies, un gran investigador del mundo antiguo , de Tracia en particular, de los indoeuropeos y de las  religiones antiguas de Tracia , sobre todo del culto de Orfeo .

Además, fue un gran amigo personal , a cuya mujer, Valeria y a su hijo Alejandro envió mis condolencias así como a todos los amigos búlgaros en general por tan sensible pérdida.

Nos ha dejado,  pero la llama de su recuerdo sigue viva  en quienes le conocimos. Espero que  ruegue al dios por nosotros como nos dijo al despedirnos en Komotini en Noviembre 2005.

1, March 2996

SIT TIBI TERRA LEVIS

V.I.S

 

Fol, Alexander (Bulgaria)
spec. ancient history of South-east Europe; Professor, St Clement of Ohrid University (Sofia); Director, Institute of Thracian Studies attached to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

 

Geboren 1933 in Sofia, Bulgarien, verheiratet, 2 Kinder.
Ausbildung: Studium der Alten Geschichte an der Historischen Fakultät der Universität "St. Kliment Ohridski" in Sofia (1957), Dr. der Geschichtswissenschaften (1966); Dozent (1972); Professor (1975); Dr. habil. (1986). Forschungsgebiete: Geschichte der klassischen Welt (Griechenland und Rom); Südosteuropäische und kleinasiatische Kulturgeschichte; Indo-Germanistik und Thrakologie. Tätigkeiten:
Gründungsdirektor des Instituts für Thrakologie der Bulgarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (1972 - 1992); Leiter des Lehrstuhls für Alte Geschichte und Thrakologie der Historischen Fakultät der Universität Sofia (1979 - 1987); Professor für Kulturgeschichte Südosteuropas an der Philosophischen Fakultät der Universität Sofia (seit 1991); Gast-Professuren in England, USA, Russland, Deutschland, Japan, Griechenland, Italien, Schweden, Frankreich.
Veröffentlichungen: u.a. 12 Monographien über die thrakische Politische- und Sozialgeschichte. Mehrere Herausgeberschaften auf dem Gebiet der Thrakologie
.
 

Zunächst möchte ich mich für die Wahl zum Mitglied der Leibniz-Sozietät in Berlin bedanken. Ich freue mich darüber, es ist eine Ehre und es ist ein Auftrag, denn damit bin ich in eine Reihe von Kollegen berufen worden, die immer die internationale Zusammenarbeit und besonders den engen Kontakt mit deutschen Wissenschaftlern gepflegt haben. Die Beziehungen mit Deutschland waren in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten in Bulgarien immer gut und fruchtbar, wie die Mitgliedschaft von Angel Balevski und Velizar Velkov in der einstigen Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR zeigt, die ich nun in der Leibniz-Sozietät fortzusetzen gedenke.
Dabei freut es mich besonders, daß es mir auf diese Weise möglich
ist, mit der Thrakologie einen Zweig der Altertumswissenschaften zu vertreten, der für die Geschichte und Kultur des bulgarischen Volkes von grundlegender Bedeutung ist und der sich längst die internationale Anerkennung erworben hat. Ich glaube dabei auch sicher zu sein, daß sich in unserer geneinsamen Arbeit weitere Ergebnisse und Gesichtspunkte herausstellen werden, die sich für die benachbarten Fachgebiete unserer Länder als Erkenntnisgewinn erweisen.
Mit der Zuwahl zur Leibniz-Sozietät als einer traditionsreichen Gelehrtengesellschaft ergibt sich für mich die Möglichkeit, Bemühungen über Bulgarien hinaus fortzusetzen, die eigentlich seit meinem Studium der Alten Geschichte an der Kliment-Ochridski-Universität in Sofia meinen Lebensweg bedeuteten. Wie alles ernsthafte Ringen waren damit Mühen und Bürden verbunden, die sich allerdings auch in der notwendigen Verschärfung der Sichtweise und der Maßstäbe ebenso wie in der Horizonterweiterung als nützlicher Gewinn erwiesen.
So war es mir vergönnt, von 1972 bis 1992 die Internationalen Kongresse für Thrakologie in Sofia, Bukarest, Wien, Rotterdam, Moskau und Palma de Mallorca zu organisieren und als Generalsekretär des Internationalen Rates für Indo-Europäische und Thrakologische Studien der Thrakologie sicher nützliche Impulse zu geben. Meine feste Überzeugung, daß sich sinnvolle wissenschaftliche Tätigkeit nur über die eigenen Ländergrenzen hinweg in der engen Kooperation mit den Kolleginnen und Kollegen anderer Völker betreiben läßt, hat mich zu Gastvorlesungen in zahlreiche Länder geführt, so nach Deutschland, England, Schweden, Griechenland, Rußland, Japan oder in die USA. Zu der internationalen Arbeit gehörte auch die Organisierung der Ausstellung "Gold der Thraker", die in zahlreichen großen Museen rund um den Erdball mit Erfolg gezeigt werden konnte und damit auch der Forschung Anregungen gegeben hat.
Die Voraussetzung dafür war neben der langjährigen Forschungs- und Lehrtätigkeit an der Universität in Sofia die Leitung des Thrakologischen Instituts der Bulgarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, der ich als Mitglied angehöre. Nachdem mich die Accademia Medicea in Florenz, das Deutsche Archäologische Institut in Berlin und die Académie Maison International des Intellectuels in Paris in ihre Reihen aufgenommen haben, empfinde ich die Wahl zum Mitglied der Leibniz-Sozietät als eine besondere Würdigung. Ich verbinde die Annahme dieser Ehrung mit dem Wunsch, daß sich daraus fruchtbare Resultate ergeben, die uns wissenschaftlich vielleicht einen Schritt weiter bringen, die aber auch der persönlichen kollegialen Begegnung als Grundlage unserer Arbeit förderlich sind.
 

FOL, ALEXANDER AND MARAZOV Thrace and the Thracians
New York 1977 St Martin's Press. 12 cloth HB. 160 p. First US edition. Illustrated in B&W and color. Religion and art from the pre-Grecian world. Errata laid-in. tiny tear on dust jacket at top spine tip, otherwise Fine in Near Fine jacket n

Fol, Alexander. Threskéie/Threskéia. In: TD, 1995, 16, nr. 1-2, p.273-274.

Fol, Alexandre. La thracologie a l'état actuel des recherches In: The Thracian World at the Crossroads of Civilization. Bucharest, 1997, p.11-15

Alexander Fol, (ed) Ancient Thrace - catalogue of the Helsinki exhibition, has many top quality photographs, including the first ever colour photographs of three rhomphaias.  Text in Finnish, German, and English.   Published by F G Lonnberg, Helsinki, 2000

Thracian Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria, Ivan Marazov, Alexander Fol, Margarita Tacheva, Ivan Venedikov, publisher Harry N Abrams ISBN 0810919923

Alexander Fol (ed), Ancient Thrace Elektra Publications (International Foundation Europa Antiqua), 2000
Alexander Fol, (ed) Ancient Thrace, F G Lonnberg, Helsinki, 2000- catalogue of the 2000 Helsinki exhibition (with descriptions of the items supplied separately by Timo Saleminen of the Amos Anderson museum)
Alexander Fol, M. Chichikova, T. Ivanov, & T. Teofilov, The Thracian Tomb near the Villiage of Sveshtari, Svyat Publishers, Sofia, 1986
Alexander Fol & Ivan Marazov, Thrace and the Thracians, St Martin's Press, New York, 1977
 

FOL, Alexander (ed.) (1999) Bulgaria : History Retold in Brief. (trad.) Sofia : Riva. 159 p. ISBN 954-8440-21-0.
FOL, Alexander (ed.) (2000) The Bulgarians. Sofia : TANGRA TanNakRa All Bulgarian Foundation  and Centre for researches on the Bulgarians. 135 p. ISBN 954-9717-14-3
Die Thraker.
von Alexander Fol, Jan Lichardus, Vassil Nikolov

 
Die Thraker.
 

 

 

Führen wir nicht oder nicht mehr - Jetzt gebraucht vorbestellen.


 

 


 

Größeres Bild

 

 

 


LA CULTURA E IL PATRIMONIO DEI TRACI

Autore: Fol Alexander

Anno Edizione: 1984

Alexander Fol, Jan Lichardus (+), Vassil Nikolov, Die Thraker. Das goldene Reich des Orpheus.   Mainz:  Philipp von Zabern, 2004.  Pp. 384.  ISBN 3-8053-3341-2.  €45.00.  
 

Contributors: Diana Dimitrova, Alexander Fol, Valeria Fol, Kiril Jordanov, Georgi Kitov, Lubava Konova, Vassil Nikolov, Elka Penkova, Kalin Porozhanov, Irina Shopova, Maja Vassileva
 

Reviewed by Jan P. Stronk, Ancient History, University of Amsterdam (j.p.stronk@hum.uva.nl)
Word count: 1061 words

 

In the months of September and October of 2004 the archaeological world was surprised by the flood of news coming from the excavations led by Georgi Kitov in Bulgaria's "Valley of the Kings" in the Shipka-region near Kazanlak (Central Bulgaria). Two tumuli were excavated: among the many finds in the first there was a stunning golden death mask weighing 690 grams of solid gold, dated to the late 5th or early 4th century BC by the secondary finds (ceramics). No less imposing were the results of the excavation of the second, the so-called Golyamata Kosmatka tumulus: first a life size, naturalistic bronze head (weighing some 12 kg) was found and some days later the royal burial chamber, furnished with grave goods including gold, silver, bronze, and ceramic objects. Two inscriptions on silver objects found in the grave refer to Seuthes. Together with the dating of the bronze head to the early Hellenistic period, the inscription suggests that the royal burial site of king Seuthes III, who ruled the Odrysian Kingdom in the last third of the 4th century BC, has been uncovered (The Thracian Tomb ...).

Though these finds, obviously, came too late to be included either in the exhibition in the Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland at Bonn, which lasted from July 23rd, 2004 to January 9th, 2005, or the accompanying catalogue, the subject of this review, they show once again the wealth, power, and taste one may find in the territories once dominated by the Thracians. As in many previous exhibitions on the Thracians throughout the world1 here, too, the eyes of the spectators were above all directed to the many, frequently spectacular, objects of precious metals. In the catalogue as well such objects have a prominent place.

In the accompanying text, divided into seven chapters, we are guided through a number of aspects of Thrace's past which are in line with the theme of the exhibition (the golden empire of Orpheus). Each chapter is concluded by a catalogue of objects relating to the topic(s) discussed. The first chapter deals with the prehistoric period. Nikolov discusses the first farmers in present-day Bulgaria; Porozhanov the Indo-Europeans in Eurasia; and Lichardus and others the Bulgaro-German researches in the region of Drama, situated in southeastern Bulgaria, in the period 1983-2003. The section on Drama is concluded with its own bibliography. In chapter two V. Fol treats Thrace in the Mycenaean Age, focusing on rulers and priests. Royal dynasties are the subject of the third chapter. Jordanov discusses the role of and position of the Thracians within the early great empires (sc. the Persian and Macedonian) as well as the Odrysian state; Dimitrova discusses the warriors and their arms and armour; and Konova treats royal cities, residences, temples and settlements in pre-Roman Thrace.

In the fourth chapter the gods are the subject. A. Fol writes on Thracian Orphism and Vassileva on contacts between Thrace and Phrygia, which manifest themselves in the fields of writing and religion. Faith and cult turn up in chapter five. The two contributions in this chapter are by Penkova on mythical and the legendary Thrace and by V. Fol on cult sites. The religious also plays its part in chapter six, on Thracian ingenuity (or skill). Here we find three papers: one by Kitov on (artificial) hills, graves, and temples; a second by Porozhanov on Thrace and the seas (i.e. the Pontus and the Aegean); and finally Konova on Thracian-Greek syntheses. The final chapter is entitled Thracia Romana. This chapter too has three contributions, two by Shopova, one entitled Thracia Romana, the other Thracia Christiana; the other contribution is by Penkova on the Thracian Heroes sc. the Thracian horseman (one of the typical figures of Thracian iconography). A. Fol, who also produced the introduction, takes care of the epilogue about the living heritage. A chronology, a comprehensive though not exhaustive bibliography, and the list of authors conclude this book.

As already stated, the section on Drama has its own bibliography, making it more or less a separate part of the catalogue. The content of this contribution, frequently relatively technical, endorses that impression. I believe this to be a bad choice, since it may appear to suggest that this kind of relatively small-scale bilateral archaeological research is more or less unrelated to the great lines of art-historical, cultural, sociological, theological, or other theories presented throughout the catalogue or, for that matter, the exhibition, while it constitutes, in fact, a different facet of the many-faceted science we call Thracology. I think the authors of this section missed a 'golden opportunity' in this respect.

As might be expected the several contributions are scholarly, fairly solid and reasonably informative, but not very in-depth (with perhaps the Drama section as relative exception), unspectacular, and offer no really new information (again except for the Drama section), directed as they are at the general public, which is, generally speaking, hardly familiar with the Thracians. The only politically charged part of this publication, certainly in the light of the recent controversy between Bulgaria and Greece, is the emphasis on Orphism (basically a religion showing monotheistic traits, according to Shopova: p. 323) and the presentation of Orpheus as originally and essentially Thracian. What distinguishes this catalogue from most, if not all, of its predecessors on "Thracian gold" is its size: 24.5 x 28 cm. Both size and the high quality paper used by the publishers make the 737 colour and 17 black-and-white pictures appear to full advantage. The binding is very good and suitable for such a heavy book.

The exhibition in Bonn was not the first to show Thracian treasures, nor will it, very likely, be the last. As the introduction of this review already highlighted, excavations in Bulgaria are still very much ongoing. Not all of these offer, or will offer (as those at Drama demonstrate), such spectacular finds as Kitov's, but they all enhance our knowledge of and insight into the culture and life of the Thracians and are therefore at least as important. In scholarship on the ancient world the Thracians have been, so far, generally regarded as the barbarous neighbours of the Greeks, a mere "Randkultur". Gradually such exhibitions as this one are showing that this picture is in dire need of being adjusted. The perfect execution of this catalogue as well as its excellent price-quality ratio may well initiate that adjustment.


Notes:


1.   Such exhibitions, though not necessarily on a similar scale, have been held, e.g., in Warsaw 1976, Dumbarton Oaks 1981, Rotterdam 1984, Montreal 1987, Bonn and Mainz 1988, several cities in the United States 1998-9, Japan 2000, Helsinki 2000: this list is not by any means exhaustive. A regular aspect of such exhibitions, at least if appropriate, is to dedicate part of it to work carried out by (an) excavation team(s) from the host country in Bulgaria, like the German-Bulgarian excavations at Drama in this exhibition (cf. catalogue, pp. 39-60).

 



TRACIA Y LOS TRACIOS

The Thracians, 700 BC - 46 AD, Christopher Webber, Osprey Men-At-Arms Series, Oxford  (due to be published 25 September 2001).

Click here : http://www.ospreypublishing.com/titles/1841763292 to read more about it and get ordering information.

The 3,000-year-old Hat, lrina Florov and Nicholas Florov, Golden Vine Publishers, Canada, August 2001, Click here for more information: http://www.goldenvinepublishers.com/story.htm

Thracian Cult Architecture - Malvina Rousseva, an excellent survey of Thracian tombs and sacred sites, beautifully presented, with clear diagrams and explanations of all terminology.  Written in a lively style in both English and Bulgarian. Jambol, 2000.

Ancient Thrace - a great new book by Prof. Alexander Fol has been published by Elektra Publications (International Foundation Europa Antiqua).  236 pages, paperback.  Well illustrated with good quality photographs (only a few new ones, though).  The text includes all the latest research.  The co-authors are K.Jordanov, K. Porozhanov, and V. Fol. 

Alexander Fol, (ed) Ancient Thrace - catalogue of the Helsinki exhibition, has many top quality photographs, including the first ever colour photographs of three rhomphaias.  Text in Finnish, German, and English.   Published by F G Lonnberg, Helsinki, 2000

Thracian Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria, Ivan Marazov, Alexander Fol, Margarita Tacheva, Ivan Venedikov, publisher Harry N Abrams ISBN 0810919923, $US 49.50 from Amazon.com

The Odrysian Kingdom of Thrace, Zofia Halina Archibald, Clarendon Press, 1997, 330pp, 184 illustrations, ISBN 0-19-815047-4,   £80.00 (+ 10% postage if bought direct from OUP)

A new edition (1998) of  P Connolly, Greece and Rome at War, Macdonald, London, 1981 CR is available now.  There is also a new edition (1999) of A M Snodgrass, Arms and Armour of the Greeks, Baltimore, 1967


CD-ROM

The Treasury of Lysimachos - 3800 coins catalogued from the early Hellenistic era (Philip, Alexander, and Lysimachos), Media Studio, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria, 1997, based on the monograph Philip II and Alexander the Great Type Gold and Sliver Coin Treasures from Early Hellenic Thrace, 1992, Kamen Dimitrov - a must for coin lovers


The National Museum of History -
a selection of exhibits from the Natitional Museum of History, Sofia, 1998, covering all periods of Bulgarian history, beatuifully presented.

Television

A 12 minute French programme about the Sveshtari tomb was broadcast on SBS in Australia on May 4 in Global Village.  I have been unable to obtain a transcript or buy a video, but I was able to copy most of the programme, and it will be repeated.  Shortly afterwards I received news of another programme about the Thracians being transmitted by the History Channel in the USA.


Video

The Mystery Gold of the Black Sea Warriors Product code AAE-18226, from the History Channel, featuring
Carol G Thomas Johnson of the University of Washington and H. A. Drake of UC Santa Barbara.  I have not seen this video as it is not available for sale outside the USA.   The description says they journey from the shores of the Black Sea inland.

The Valley of the Thracian Rulers - The tombs near Kazanluk up to 1998, in about 30 minutes of good quality video.  Available from the Kazanluk Museum and the Kazanluk tomb.

The Roman Army at War, BBC Time Watch, 1998 - This fantastic video covers the Roman invasions of Dacia as seen on Trajan's column.  Trajan's column is examined in exquisite detail. The Dacians can be seen quite clearly.  They show how a reconstructed Dacian falx and how it was made. There are scenes from Roman re-enactment societies and battles with 25mm figurines.

Ancient Warriors Volume Three: Classical Warriors, Discovery Channel, 1994 - Includes three programmes: the Spartans  (Spartan Hoplite at Thermopylae), the Macedonians (Alexander at Tyre), and the Romans (the Dacian wars).  The Greek and Macedonian programmes include some fabulous computer animations showing how the phalanx operated.  The Roman programme includes an interesting view from inside a testudo, and a virtual Roman camp.  All programmes feature re-enactors in full costume.  The Dacians are portrayed as worthy opponents of the Romans, and there are some interesting views of the terrain (whether it is the real thing I don't know).  However, the BBC did it better.  Volume 1 in the series is called Barbarian Warriors, and Volume 2 is entitled Soldiers of the East.

Fiction

Howard Fast, Spartacus, Panther, London, 1970 - has lots of inaccuracies or anachronisms and I didn't like the structure of the story, either.  Thracians get mentioned many times, but any author that mentions Bulgar and Slav slaves in 71 BC is not to be trusted!  In this story, Spartacus is a third generation Thracian slave who becomes a Thracian gladiator, fighting without any armour and armed with only a small curved knife.

Steven Pressfield, Tides of War - the story of Alcibiades, during which Thracians are mentioned many times, and are descibed as being desperately afraid of the sea.  A good book overall.

Books and Articles

Zofia Archibald, The Odrysian Kingdom of Thrace, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997
J K Anderson, Military Theory and Practice in the Age of Xenophon, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 1970
Bezalel Bar-Kochva, Menas' Inscription and Curupedion,  Scripta Classica Isrealica I, 1974, pp 14-23
J.G.P. Best, Thracian Peltasts and their influence on Greek warfare (Volume 1 of the Studies of the Dutch Archaeological & Historical Society), Woiters-Noordhoff, Groningen, 1969
E R Bevan, The House of Seleucus, Routledge & Keegan Paul, London, 1966
Matthew Balent, The Compendium of Weapons, Armour and Castles , Palladium Press.
B. Bar-Kochva, Menas' Inscription and Corupedion, Scripta Classica Isrealica 1, 1974, p14
Phil Barker, Armies and Enemies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars, 1st edition, WRG, 1971
Edmund F. Bloedow, On 'wagons' and 'shields': Alexander's crossing of Mount Haemus in 335 B.C. Ancient History Bulletin 10.3-4 (1996).
Sudip Bose, Realms of Silver & Gold: The Art of the Thracians, Archaeology Odyssey, July/August 2000, pp 48 -55
P A Brunt, Alexander's Macedonian Cavalry in Journal of Hellenic Studies 83, 1963, p 27
Roy Burrell, The Oxford Children's Ancient History, OUP, 1997
Bibliographia Thracia I, Institute of Thracology, Sophia, 1984
Jack Cassin-Scott, Costumes and Settings for Historical Plays, Volume 1: The Classical Period, Batsford, London,1979
Stanley Casson, Macedonia, Thrace, Illyria, Groningen, 1968
Catalogue from the National Historical Museum in Sophia, 1985.
Dr E V Cernenko, The Skythians 700-300 BC, Osprey Men-at-Arms Series, London, 1986
I Cheshire, The Thracians­ Auxiliaries to the Hellenistic World, in Military Miniatures, April 1987
Collezione Castellani - Le Ceramiche, Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giula, Rome, 1985
P Connolly, Greece and Rome at War, Macdonald, London, 1981
I Daci, Firenze, 1997 (catalogue of the Rumanian exhibition in Italy)
C Danov, The Greave From Vratsa, Sofia, 1980
Christo Danov, Thrace, Sophia, 1982
Vladimir Dumitrescu & Alexandru Vulpe, Dacia Before Dromichaites, Bucharest, 1988
D P Dimitrov & M Chichikova, The Thracian City of Seuthopolis, BAR Supp. ser. 38, Oxford, 1978
J C Dragan, We, the Thracians Nagard Publisher, Sophia, 1976
M.E. Durham Some Tribal Origins, Laws and Customs of the Balkans, London: Allen & Unwin, 1928
Alexander Fol (ed), Ancient Thrace Elektra Publications (International Foundation Europa Antiqua), 2000
Alexander Fol, (ed) Ancient Thrace, F G Lonnberg, Helsinki, 2000- catalogue of the 2000 Helsinki exhibition (with descriptions of the items supplied separately by Timo Saleminen of the Amos Anderson museum)
Alexander Fol, M. Chichikova, T. Ivanov, & T. Teofilov, The Thracian Tomb near the Villiage of Sveshtari, Svyat Publishers, Sofia, 1986
Alexander Fol & Ivan Marazov, Thrace and the Thracians, St Martin's Press, New York, 1977
Irina Florov and Nicholas Florov, The 3,000-year-old Hat, Golden Vine Publishers, Canada, August 2001
R S Folsom, Attic Black Figured Pottery, Noyes Press, New Jersey, 1975
J W Fuchs, Kay & Ward, Classics Illustrated Dictionary, London, 1974
Adrian Gilbert, Going to War in Ancient Greece, Franklin Watts, London, 2000 CR
Gold der Thraker, Ausstellung anlässich der 1300-Jahrfeier des Bulgarischen Staates. Catalogue of the 1980 German exhibition.
G T Griffith, Mercenaries of the Hellenistic World,   Cambridge University Press, 1935
Charles Grant, The Thracians, in Military Modelling, November & December 1976
Charles Grant The Peltast Slingshot 51 pp 9-17 & 20-21
Grichische Vasenmalerie, Eberhard Paul, Leipzig, 1982
N G L Hammond, The Macedonian State, Oxford University Press, 1989
N G L Hammond and FW Walbank, History of Macedonia III, Oxford, 1988
P Harding, From the end of the Peloponnesian War to the battle of Ipsus, Cambridge University Press, 1985
Duncan Head, Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars, 2nd Edition, W R G, Devizes, 1982
D Head, The Rhomphaia Lives!, Slingshot, May 1978
D. Head, Thracian Troop Types, Slingshot, September 1978
Duncan Head, The Thracian Sarissa, in Slingshot 214, March 2001, pp 10-13 - replied to by Bob Marshall and Phil Barker in Slingshot 215, May 2001, p 57
Duncan Head, Thracian Troop Types, Slingshot 85, September 1979, pp 13-22
Duncan Head, A Postscript, Slingshot 80, November 1978, pp 22-23
Duncan Head, The Rhomphaia Lives!, Slingshot 77, May 1978, pp 4-11 responded to Charles Grant and Phil Barker in Slingshot 78, July 1978, pp 16-17
R F Hoddinott, The Thracians, Thames & Hudson, London, 1981
R F Hoddinott, Bulgaria in Antiquity, St Martin's Press, New York, 1975
R Humble, Warfare in The Ancient World, Cassell, London, 1980
Benjamin Isaac, The Greek Settlements in Thrace Until the Macedonian Conquest, Studies of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society Vol X, Leiden, 1986
Russell King, The Rhomphaia: Was it Bill or Was it Sword? Slingshot 70, pp12-13
Kostandin Kissyov, The Double Axe as a Symbol of the Odrysian Kingdom (VI-I C. B.C.) Problemi na Izkystvoto 1997 3/4
Georgi Kitov, Royal Insignia, Tombs and Temples in the Valley of the Thracian Rulers, in Archaeologia Bulgarica, Vol 3, No. 1, 1999, pp 1-20
Kamen Kolev,The Ancient Thracian Iron Sword Rhomphaia, in North-Eastern Bulgaria - Antiquity and Modernity: Proceedings of Papers, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Press, Sofia 1985
N M Kontoleon, The Gold Treasure of Panagurischte, in Balkan Studies Vol 3,1, 1962, pp 185-200
Peter Levi, Atlas of the Greek World, Phaidon, Oxford, 1987
R P Lister, The Travels of Herodotus, Gordon & Cremonesi, London, 1979
Helen S. Lund, Lysimachus: a Study in Hellenistic Kingship, Routledge, London, 1992
Ivan Marazov (Ed), Ancient Gold. The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria, Harry N Abrams, New York, 1998
R & V Megaw et al, The Decorated La Tène Sword Scabbard from Pavolche near Vratsa, pp 23-41, in Archaeologia Bulgarica 3, 2000
Irwin L Merker, The Ancient Kingdom of Paionia, Balkan Studies VI, 1965, pp 35-54
Robert Morkot, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Greece, Penguin Books, London, 1996
David Nasmyth, Who Was Alexander the Great?, Macdonald Young Books, Hove, 1998
A L Nickels, Further Note on an Ancient Weapon, Slingshot 78, p7
Bogdan Nikolov, Pitchers of the Rozogen Treasure, in Izkystvo ("Art") No 6, 1986
Dimiter Nikolov & Angel Dobrev(?), Thracian Culture during the Hellenistic era, 1984
Ljuba Ogenova-Marinova L'Armure des Thraces, in Archaeolgia Bulgarica 3/2000, pp 11-24
M Oppermann, Thraker: Zwischen Karpatenbogen und Agais, Urania-Verlag, Leipzig, 1984
Fanula Papazoglu, The Central Balkan Tribes in Pre-Roman Times. Triballi, Autariatae, Dardanians, Scordisci and Moesians. Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert, 1978
Evgeni Paunov & Dimitar Y. Dimitrov, New Data on the Use of War Sling in Thrace, in Archaeologia Bulgarica 3/2000, pp 44-57
Evgeni Paunov and Margaret Roxan, The Earliest Diploma in Thrace Zeitschirift für Papyrologie und Epigrahik, Band 119, 1997 pp274-279
Evgeni Paunov Ancient Treasures from Thracian Tombs: in Athena Review Vol 1, No 4
Vassilka Paunova, Warrior's Belt Appliques from Thrace (6th-4th Century BC), in Archaeologia Bulgarica, Vol 3, No. 2, 1999, pp 15-29
AG Poulter (Ed), Ancient Bulgaria: International Symposium on the Ancient History and Archaeology of Bulgaria conference, University of Nottingham, Vol 1, 1983
Colin Renfrew, Ancient Bulgaria's Golden Treasures, National Geographic, Vol 158, No 1, July 1980
John Richmond, The Latter Days of a Love Poet- Ovid in Exile, Classics Ireland, 1995 Volume 2, pp 97-120
Thom Richardson, The Ballistics of the Sling, in Royal Armouries Yearbook 3, London, 1998
Russell Robinson, The Armour of Imperial Rome, Arms and Armour Press, London, 1975
Susan I Rotroff Thracian Glitter in Archaeology, Volume 51 Number 4 July/August 1998
M. Rostovtzeff, History of the Hellenistic World, Vol. 2, Oxford, 1941
Malvina Rousseva, Thracian Cult Architecture, Jambol, 2000.
Frank Rumsheid & Winfried Held Erinnerungen an Mokazis, 1stMitt 44, 1994, pp89-106
NV Sekunda, The Ancient Greeks, Osprey Elite Series, London, 1996 CR
Nick Secunda, The Army of Alexander the Great, Osprey Men at Arms Series, London, 1987 CR
N Sekunda, The Rhomphaia: A Thracian weapon of the Hellenistic Period in A.G. Poulter (Ed) Ancient Bulgaria Vol 1, University of Nottingham, 1983
N. V. Sekunda, Anatolian War-Sickles and the Coinage of Etenna, in Studies in Ancient Coinage from Turkey, Richard Ashton, London, 1996
H Sichterman, Griechische Vasen in Unteritalien, Verlag Ernst Wasmuth, Tübingen, 1966
E Simon, Die Griechischen Vasen, Hirmer Verlag, Munchen, 1976
A M Snodgrass, Arms and Armour of the Greeks, John Hopkins, Baltimore, 1999
G Sokolov, Antique Art on the Northern Black Sea Coast, Aurora Art Publishers, Leningrad, 1974
A Stassinopoulos & R Beny, The Gods of Greece, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1983
Lidia Staykova, Appliques to Horse Trappings from a Burial Mound at Dolna Koznitsa, Kyustendil District Problemi na Izkystvoto 1997 ¾
Thracian Hoards at Vratsa and the Vratsa District, catalogue from the Vratsa museum, 1981
Thracian Gold Time Magazine April 27, 1998
Stavri Topalov, Thracian Contributions to the Coinage in Early Antiquity Problemi na Izkystvoto 1997 3/4
Roman Szwaba, More on the Rhomphaia Slingshot 117, p19
Frank Trippett, The First Horsemen, Time Life Books, 1980
Ghergana Tsanova & Lyudmil Ghetov, The Thracian Tomb at Kazanluk, Sofia, 1983
Union Académique Internationale, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Berlin, 1959
Ivan Venedikov & Todor Gerassimov, Thrakische Kunst, Veb EA Seeman Verlag, Leipzig, 1976
D von Bothmer, Greek Vase Painting,
Zivka Velkova, The Thracian Glosses, Amsterdam, 1986
C. Verdiani, Original Hellenistic Paintings in a Thracian Tomb, American Journal of Archaeology, 49, 1945
M F Vos, J B Wolters, Skythian Archers in Archaic Vase Painting, Groningen, 1963
J Warry, Warfare in the Classical World, Salamander, London, 1980
Christopher Webber, The Thracians, Colourful Barbarian Warriors from the North, in Wargames Illustrated 167, August 2001, pp44-48.
Christopher Webber, The Alexandrovo Tomb and Other Recent Discoveries, in Slingshot 216, July 2001, pp 47-50
Christopher Webber Like Beasts of Prey Slingshot 207, January 2000, pp48-53; Slingshot 209 May 2000 pp 33-38; Slingshot 210 July 2000 pp 38-43
Christopher Webber, The Bithynians, Slingshot 204, July 1999, pp48-52
Joseph Wiesner, Die Thraker, Stuttgart, 1963 - a handy little paperback
Martin Windrow, The Greek Hoplite, Franklin Watts, London, 1985 CR
Xenophon: On Horsemanship, Translated by MH Morgan, JA Allen & Co, 1967
Problemi na Izkystvoto 1997 3/4
General Secretariat of East Macedonia-Thrace, Thrace, Athens, 1994
Yourdanka Youroukova, Coins of the Ancient Thracians, BAR Supplementary Series 4, Oxford, 1976
Lyudmila Zhivkova, The Kazanluk Tomb, Verlag Aurel Bongers Reckinghausen, West Germany, 1975
 

Other References

G. von Bülow, Treasures of Thrace, New York: St. Martin’s Press 1987 .
Bogdan F. Filow, Die Huegelgraben bei Duvanlij , Sudbulgarien The Burial mounds at Duvanliy,
Southern Bulgaria Sofia, 1934. published in Cyrillic and German editions
L. Byvank-Quarles Van Ufford, Stijl, vorm en decoratie van de vazen uit Rogozen. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989.
Maria Chikova,. The Thracian Tombs. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987.
B. Filow, L’art antique en Bulgarie, Sofia 1925 .
Alexander Fol,. The Most Numerous People in the World, after the Indians? Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987
Alexander Fol, Der geistige Umschwung in Hellas und Thrakien. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien.
Alexander Fol, The Thracian Cosmos. Ancient Gold. The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria. New York 1998.
Alexander Fol, Thracië en Hellas. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam1989
Al. Fol ed. , The Rogozen Treasure, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Press 1989 .
The Glory of Thrace. Exhibition Catalogue, Galeria Uffici Florence 1997 .
Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria, Exhibition Catalogue Montreal: Palais de la Civilisations 1987 .
Diana Gergova, De begraven schat. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989.
Gergova, Diana. Die Bedeutung der Schatzfunde in der thrakischen Welt. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien.
Hellström, Pontus. Europas första smeder. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980.
R. Katintscharov, Die thrakische Stammesbildung im Licht der Archäologie. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien.
R. Katintscharov, Het Volk van Thracië. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989.
Louisa D. Loukopoulou, Contribution A L'Histoire De La Thrace Propontique, Athens 1989
Ivan Marazov, Between Ares and Orpheus. Myth, Kingship, and Art in Ancient Thrace. Ancient Gold. The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria. New York 1998
Ivan. Marazov, "Interpretatio Thracica" or the Deciphering of Thracian Art. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987.
Ivan. Marazov, Neue Deutungen thrakischer Denkmäler. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien.
Ivan. Marazov, Nieuw inzicht in de Thracische cultuur. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989.
Alexandre Mincev, The Most Recent Archaological Finds in Bulgaria. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987.
Bogdan Nikolov, De Thracische Koningsschat. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989.
Hans-Åke Nordström, Balkans första bönder. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980.
Carl Nylander, Skudra och Yauna-Takabara - folken på andra sidan havet. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980.
Erik Nylen, Trakerna och Norden. . Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980.
Véronique. Schiltz, Thracian Figures in Greece. the Paradoxes of Orpheus. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987.
Jan P Stronk, Ten Thousand in Thrace: An Archaeological Historical Commentary on Xenophon’s Anabasis, Books 6-7 Amsterdam Classical Monographs, Vol 2 , 1995
Ivan Marazov, The Treasure from Rogozen, Sofia: Borina 1997 .
Margarita Tacheva-Hitova, Eastern Cults in Moesia Inferior and Thracia: 5th Century BC-4th AD Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance , 1984
Oribulgari. Sette millenni di arte orafa. Gold from Bulgaria. Seven Millennia of Gold-Work Art. Exhibition Catalogue Vicenza: Ente Fiera Fair, 1997 .
Thrace 3,1976, Semaines Philippopitaines de l'Histoire et de la Culture Thrace Plovdiv 1976
The Riches of the Thracian Rulers. Exhibition Catalogue Tokyo 1994 .
D. Theocharis, Prehistory of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
Traci: Arte e Cultura nelle Terre di Bulgaria dalle Origini alla Tarda Romanità
. Exhibition Catalogue, Venice, Palazzo Ducale Milan 1989 .
I. Venedikov & T. Gerassimov, Thracian Art Treasures, London 1975
I. Venedikov, Thracian Treasures from Bulgaria, New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art 1977
I. Venedikov, The Vulchitrun Treasure, Sofia: Svyat Publishers 1987
Ivan. Venedikov, Trakien. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980.
Ulla. Westermarck, Trakernas mynt. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980. pp 51 - 73.
Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. Exhibition catalogue
Der Thrakische Silbershatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien. An exhibition in Germany at the end of 1980's.
Trakerna. Stockholm 1980. a Thracian exhibition at the Swedish State History Museum.
De Thracische Koningsschat, de zilverschat van Rogozen, Bulgarije.  Amsterdam 1989. A catalogue very much like the German one.
Une journée a Varna il y a 6500 ans. Sine loco 1989. an exhibition at Musée des Antiquités  Nationales in Saint-Germain-en-Laye.
Treasures from Bulgaria I - IV Century . Arranged under the aegis of "The Days of Bulgarian Culture in India". New Delhi 1989. In English and Hindi
 
Articles in the exhibition catalogues (thanks to Timo Saleminen of the Amos Anderson museum in Helsinki for supplying this comprehensive list) (Note: S. = page number)

BYVANK-QUARLES VAN UFFORD, L. Stijl, vorm en decoratie van de vazen uit Rogozen. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989. S. 20 - 26.
CICIKOVA, Maria. The Thracian Tombs. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. S. 30 - 34.
FOL, Alexandre. The Most Numerous People in the World, after the Indians? Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. S. 16 - 20.
FOL, Alexander. Der geistige Umschwung in Hellas und Thrakien. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien. S. l. et a. S. 19 - 28.
FOL, Alexander. The Thracian Cosmos. Ancient Gold. The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria. New York 1998. S. 86 - 91.
FOL, Alexander. Thracië en Hellas. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989. S. 40 - 45.
GERGOVA, Diana. De begraven schat. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989. S. 36 - 39.
GERGOVA, Diana. Die Bedeutung der Schatzfunde in der thrakischen Welt. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien. S. l. et a. S. 51 - 57.
HELLSTRÖM, Pontus. Europas första smeder. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980. S. 36 - 50.
KATINTSCHAROV, R. Die thrakische Stammesbildung im Licht der Archäologie. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien. S. l. et a. S. 13 - 18.
KATINTSCHAROV, R. Het Volk van Thracië. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989. S. 46 - 49.
MARAZOV, Ivan. Between Ares and Orpheus. Myth, Kingship, and Art in Ancient Thrace. Ancient Gold. The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria. New York 1998. S. 32 - 71.
MARAZOV, Ivan. "Interpretatio Thracica" or the Deciphering of Thracian Art. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. S. 48 - 61.
MARAZOV, Ivan. Neue Deutungen thrakischer Denkmäler. Der thrakische Silberschatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien. S. l. et a. S. 31 - 50.
MARAZOV, Ivan. Nieuw inzicht in de Thracische cultuur. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989. S. 28 - 34.
MINCEV, Alexandre. The Most Recent Archaological Finds in Bulgaria. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. S. 22 - 29.
NIKOLOV, Bogdan. De Thracische Koningsschat. De Thracische Koningsschat. Amsterdam 1989. S. 14 - 18.
NORDSTRÖM, Hans-Åke. Balkans första bönder. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980. S. 29 - 35.
NYLANDER, Carl. Skudra och Yauna-Takabara - folken på andra sidan havet. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980. S. 102 - 113.
NYLEN, Erik. Trakerna och Norden. . Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980. S. 74 - 101.
SCHILTZ, Véronique. Thracian Figures in Greece. the Paradoxes of Orpheus. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. S. 6 - 14.
TACHEVA, Margarita. Thrace and the Thracians. Ancient Gold. The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria. New York 1998. S. 13 -31.
VENEDIKOV, Ivan. The Thracians and Their Art. Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. S. 36 - 47.
VENEDIKOV, Ivan. Thracian Royal Tombs. Ancient Gold. The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria. New York 1998. S. 72 - 83.
VENEDIKOV, Ivan. Trakien. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980. S. 17 - 28.
WESTERMARCK, Ulla. Trakernas mynt. Trakerna. Historia i fickformat. Statens historiska museum. Göteborg 1980. S. 51 - 73.

Some bibliography, with Timo's comments:

Gold of the Thracian Horsemen. Treasures from Bulgaria. Montréal 1987. 320 pages. A quite good exhibition catalogue with some  articles.

Der Thrakische Silbershatz aus Rogosen, Bulgarien. 202 p. Sine loco & anno. An excellent catalogue. An exhibition in Germany at the end of 1980's.

Trakerna. Stockholm 1980. 256 p. A very good pocket  book published at the time of a Thracian exhibition at the Swedish State History Museum.

De Thracische Koningsschat, de zilverschat van Rogozen, Bulgarije.  Amsterdam 1989. 160 p. A catalogue very much like the German one.

  Une journée a Varna il y a 6500 ans. Sine loco 1989. 20 p. This is, of course, about a much more ancient time, a little French publication for  schoolchildren. There has been an exhibition at Musée des Antiquités  Nationales in Saint-Germain-en-Laye.

Treasures from Bulgaria (I - IV Century). Arranged under the aegis of "The Days of Bulgarian Culture in India". New Delhi 1989.  16 p. In English and Hindi (I suppose - I cannot read the other language).

ORO. Barbaarien kulta-aarre. Kulta-aarteita Ukrainan  aroilta. Ukrainan   kansallisaarteiden museosta. Barbarernas guld. Skatter från Ukrainas   slätter. Samlingar från Museet för Ukrainas historiska klenoder. Helsinki -  Helsingfors 1997. 114 p. The catalogue of an   Scythian exhibition in Helsinki in 1997, in Finnish and Swedish. Some few words about the Thracians, too.
Thankyou, Timo.  Next one is supplied by Daniella:

Gold der Thraker. Archäologische Schätze aus Bulgarien. Ausstellung anlässich der 1300-Jahrfeier des Bulgarischen Staates. 1980. Mit vielen Illustrationen, woraus viele in Farbe. Ohne Jahr. 240 S. Originalpappband. You can find it http://www.crafoord.com/kat46.html This has some top-quality photographs!

Fol, Alexander, Jan Lichardus (+), Vassil Nikolov, Die Thraker. 2004 Das goldene Reich des Orpheus.   Mainz:  Philipp von Zabern.  Pp. 384.  ISBN 3-8053-3341-2

  A la recherche des Thraces FOL ALEXANDER ET MARAZOV IVAN


Mostly the same books and articles marked to show Thracian pictures (CR= includes a Colour Reconstruction of a Thracian warrior):

Note: for the full text from several articles on the Thracians and related subjects, click on Articles.
 

J K Anderson, Military Theory and Practice in the Age of Xenophon, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 1970
Bezalel Bar-Kochva, Menas' Inscription and CurupedionScripta Classica Isrealica I, 1974, pp 14-23
Bulletin de L'Institut Archéologique Bulgare tome VI 1930-31, Sofia, 1932 (Bulletin of the Sofia Archaeology Museum and Institute published annually in cyrillic with summaries in French)
J.G.P. Best, Thracian Peltasts and their influence on Greek warfare (Volume 1 of the Studies of the Dutch Archaeological & Historical Society), Woiters-Noordhoff, Groningen, 1969
E R Bevan, The House of Seleucus, Routledge & Keegan Paul, London, 1966
Matthew Balent, The Compendium of Weapons, Armour and Castles , Palladium Press.
Phil Barker, Armies and Enemies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars, 1st edition, WRG, 1971
Roy Burrell, The Oxford Children's Ancient History, OUP, 1997 CR
Bibliographia Thracia I, Institute of Thracology, Sophia, 1984
Jack Cassin-Scott, Costumes and Settings for Historical Plays, Volume 1: The Classical Period, Batsford, London,1979
Stanley Casson, Macedonia, Thrace, Illyria, Groningen, 1968
Catalogue from the National Historical Museum in Sophia, 1985.
Dr E V Cernenko & Angus McBride, The Skythians 700-300 BC, Osprey Men-at-Arms Series, London, 1986
I Cheshire, The Thracians­ Auxiliaries to the Hellenistic World, in Military Miniatures, April 1987
Collezione Castellani - Le Ceramiche, Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giula, Rome, 1985
P Connolly, Greece and Rome at War, Macdonald, London, 1981 CR
I Daci, Firenze, 1997 (catalogue of the Rumanian exhibition in Italy)
C Danov, The Greave From Vratsa, Sofia, 1980
Christo Danov, Thrace, Sophia, 1982
D P Dimitrov & M Chichikova, The Thracian City of Seuthopolis, BAR Supp. ser. 38, Oxford, 1978
J C Dragan, We, the Thracians Nagard Publisher, Sophia, 1976
Vladimir Dumitrescu & Alexandru Vulpe, Dacia Before Dromichaites, Bucharest, 1988
M.E. Durham Some Tribal Origins, Laws and Customs of the Balkans. London: Allen & Unwin, 1928
Bogdan F. Filow, Die Huegelgraben bei Duvanlij , Sudbulgarien (The Burial mounds at Duvanliy, Southern Bulgaria)Sofia, 1934. (published in Cyrillic and German editions)
Alexander Fol, M. Chichikova, T. Ivanov, & T. Teofilov, The Thracian Tomb near the Villiage of Sveshtari, Svyat Publishers, Sofia, 1986
Alexander Fol & Ivan Marazov, Thrace and the Thracians, St Martin's Press, New York, 1977
R S Folsom, Attic Black Figured Pottery, Noyes Press, New Jersey, 1975
J W Fuchs, Kay & Ward, Classics Illustrated Dictionary, London, 1974
Adrian Gilbert, Going to War in Ancient Greece, Franklin Watts, London, 2000 CR
Gold der Thraker, catalogue of the 1980 German exhibition (see above)
G T Griffith, Mercenaries of the Hellenistic World,   Cambridge University Press, 1935
C Grant, The Thracians, in Military Modelling, November & December 1976
Grichische Vasenmalerie, Eberhard Paul, Leipzig, 1982
N G L Hammond, The Macedonian State, Oxford University Press, 1989
N G L Hammond and FW Walbank, History of Macedonia III, Oxford, 1988
P Harding, From the end of the Peloponnesian War to the battle of Ipsus, Cambridge University Press, 1985
Duncan Head, Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars, 2nd Edition, W R G, 1982
D Head, P Barker, and others­ "The Great Rhomphia Controversy", e.g. The Rhomphia Lives! (D. Head, May 1978) and Thracian Troop Types (D. Head, September 1978) various articles in Slingshot, 1978
R F Hoddinott, The Thracians, Thames & Hudson, London, 1981
R F Hoddinott, Bulgaria in Antiquity, St Martin's Press, New York, 1975
R Humble, Warfare in The Ancient World, Cassell, London, 1980
Benjamin Isaac, The Greek Settlements in Thrace Until the Macedonian Conquest, Studies of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society Vol X, Leiden, 1986
Georgi Kitov, Royal Insignia, Tombs and Temples in the Valley of the Thracian Rulers, in Archaeologia Bulgarica, Vol 3, No. 1, 1999, pp 1-20
Kamen Kolev,The Ancient Thracian Iron Sword Rhomphaia, in North-Eastern Bulgaria - Antiquity and Modernity: Proceedings of Papers, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Press, Sofia 1985
Peter Levi, Atlas of the Greek World, Phaidon, Oxford, 1987
R P Lister, The Travels of Herodotus, Gordon & Cremonesi, London, 1979
Louisa D. Loukopoulou, Contribution A L'Histoire De La Thrace Propontique, Athens 1989
Helen S. Lund, Lysimachus: a Study in Hellenistic Kingship, Routledge, London, 1992
Irwin L Merker, The Ancient Kingdom of Paionia, Balkan Studies VI, 1965, pp 35-54
Robert Morkot, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Greece, Penguin Books, London, 1996
David Nasmyth, Who Was Alexander the Great?, Macdonald Young Books, Hove, 1998 CR
Bogdan Nikolov, Pitchers of the Rozogen Treasure, in Izkystvo ("Art") No 6, 1986
Ljuba Ogenova-Marinova L'Armure des Thraces, in Archaeolgia Bulgarica 3/2000, pp 11-24
M Oppermann, Thraker: Zwischen Karpatenbogen und Agais, Urania-Verlag, Leipzig, 1984
Fanula Papazoglu, The Central Balkan Tribes in Pre-Roman Times. Triballi, Autariatae, Dardanians, Scordisci and Moesians. Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert, 1978
Vassilka Paunova, Warrior's Belt Appliques from Thrace (6th-4th Century BC), in Archaeologia Bulgarica, Vol 3, No. 2, 1999, pp 15-29
AG Poulter (Ed), Ancient Bulgaria: International Symposium on the Ancient History and Archaeology of Bulgaria conference, University of Nottingham, Vol 1, 1983
Thom Richardson, The Ballistics of the Sling, in Royal Armouries Yearbook 3,   London, 1998
Russell Robinson, The Armour of Imperial Rome, Arms and Armour Press, London, 1975
M. Rostovtzeff, History of the Hellenistic World, Vol. 2, Oxford, 1941
Frank Rumsheid & Winfried Held Erinnerungen an Mokazis, 1stMitt 44, 1994, pp89-106
NV Sekunda & Angus McBride, The Ancient Greeks, Osprey Elite Series, London, 1996 CR
Nick Secunda, The Army of Alexander the Great, Osprey Men at Arms Series, London, 1987 CR
N Sekunda, The Rhomphaia: A Thracian weapon of the Hellenistic Period in A.G. Poulter (Ed) Ancient Bulgaria Vol 1, University of Nottingham, 1983
N. V. Sekunda, Anatolian War-Sickles and the Coinage of Etenna, in Studies in Ancient Coinage from Turkey, Richard Ashton, London, 1996
H Sichterman, Griechische Vasen in Unteritalien, Verlag Ernst Wasmuth, Tübingen, 1966
E Simon, Die Griechischen Vasen, Hirmer Verlag, Munchen, 1976
A M Snodgrass, Arms and Armour of the Greeks, John Hopkins, Baltimore, 1999
G Sokolov, Antique Art on the Northern Black Sea Coast, Aurora Art Publishers, Leningrad, 1974
A Stassinopoulos & R Beny, The Gods of Greece, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1983
Jan P Stronk, Ten Thousand in Thrace: An Archaeological Historical Commentary on Xenophon’s Anabasis, Books 6-7 (Amsterdam Classical Monographs, Vol 2), 1995
Margarita Tacheva-Hitova, Eastern Cults in Moesia Inferior and Thracia: 5th Century BC-4th AD (Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance), 1984
Thrace 3,1976, Semaines Philippopitaines de l'Histoire et de la Culture Thrace Plovdiv 1976
Thracian Hoards at Vratsa and the Vratsa District, catalogue from the Vratsa museum, 1981
Dimiter Nikolov & Angel Dobrev(?), Thracian Culture during the Hellenistic era, 1984
D. Theocharis, Prehistory of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
Frank Trippett, The First Horsemen, Time Life Books, 1980
Ghergana Tsanova & Lyudmil Ghetov, The Thracian Tomb at Kazanluk, Sofia, 1983
Union Académique Internationale, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Berlin, 1959
Ivan Venedikov & Todor Gerassimov, Thrakische Kunst, Veb EA Seeman Verlag, Leipzig, 1976
D von Bothmer, Greek Vase Painting,
Zivka Velkova, The Thracian Glosses, Amsterdam, 1986
M F Vos, J B Wolters, Skythian Archers in Archaic Vase Painting, Groningen, 1963
J Warry, Warfare in the Classical World, Salamander, London, 1980 CR
Joseph Wiesner, Die Thraker, Stuttgart, 1963 - a handy little paperback
Martin Windrow (illustrated by Tony Smith), The Greek Hoplite, Franklin Watts, London, 1985 CR
Xenophon: On Horsemanship, Translated by MH Morgan, JA Allen & Co, 1967
Problemi na Izkystvoto 1997 3/4
General Secretariat of East Macedonia-Thrace, Thrace, Athens, 1994- has wonderful colour photos of modern Greek Thrace and the archaeological sites in Greek Thrace
Yourdanka Youroukova, Coins of the Ancient Thracians, BAR Supplementary Series 4, Oxford, 1976
Lyudmila Zhivkova, The Kazanluk Tomb, Verlag Aurel Bongers Reckinghausen, Sofia, 1975

The same books listed by subject:

P Connolly, Greece and Rome at War, Macdonald, London, 1981
 

R F Hoddinott, The Thracians, Thames & Hudson, London, 1981
 

J.G.P. Best, Thracian Peltasts and their influence on Greek warfare (Volume 1 of the Studies of the Dutch Archaeological & Historical Society), published by Woiters-Noordhoff, Groningen, 1969
 

J K Anderson, Military Theory and Practice in the Age of Xenophon, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 1970

R Humble, Warfare in The Ancient World, Cassell, London, 1980
 

D Head, Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars, W R G, 1982
 

R P Lister, The Travels of Herodotus, Gordon & Cremonesi, London, 1979
 

J Warry, Warfare in the Classical World, Salamander, London, 1980

D Head and others­ The Great Rhomphia Controversy, e.g. The Rhomphia Lives! (D. Head, May 1978) and Thracian Troop Types (D. Head, September 1978)various articles in Slingshot, 1978

I Cheshire, The Thracians­ Auxiliaries to the Hellenistic World, Military Miniatures, April 1987

C Grant, The Thracians, Military Modelling, November & December 1976

A Stassinopoulos & R Beny, The Gods of Greece, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1983

M Opperman, Thraker, Berlin, 1984
 

G Tzanova & L Getov, The Thracian Tomb at Kazanluk, Sofia, 1983
 

C Danov, The Greave From Vratsa, Sofia, 1980

Catalogues from the National History Museum in Sophia, and the National Archeological Museum in Plovdiv.
 

NV Sekunda & Angus McBride, The Ancient Greeks,  Osprey Elite Series, London, 1996

Martin Windrow (illustrated by Tony Smith), The Greek Hoplite,  Franklin Watts, London, 1985

Ivan Venedikov & Todor Gerassimov, Thrakische Kunst, Veb EA Seeman Verlag, Leipzig, 1976

Pitchers in the Rozogen Treasure, in Izkystvo ("Art") No 6, 1986

Christo Danov, Thrace,  Sophia, 1982

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Union Académique Internationale, Berlin, 1959
Griechische Vasen in Unteritalien, H Sichterman, Ernst Wasmuth, Tübingen, 1966
Skythian Archers in Archaic Vase Painting, M F Vos, J B Wolters, Groningen, 1963
Attic Black Figured Pottery, R S Folsom, Noyes Press, New Jersey, 1975
Collezione Castellani - Le Ceramiche, Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giula, Rome, 1985 Die Griechischen Vasen, E Simon, Hirmer, Munchen, 1976
Greek Vase Painting, D von Bothmer
Grichische Vasenmalerie, Eberhard Paul, Leipzig, 1982
Xenophon On Horsemanship, Translated by MH Morgan, JA Allen & Co, 1967
J W Fuchs,  Classics Illustrated Dictionary, Kay & Ward, London, 1974
Robert Morkot, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Greece, Penguin Books, London, 1996
M Oppermann, Thraker: Zwischen Karpatenbogen und Agais, Urania-Verlag, Leipzig, 1984
Thracian Hoards at Vratsa and the Vratsa District, catalogue from the Vratsa museum, 1981
Ghergana Tsanova & Lyudmil Ghetov, The Thracian Tomb at Kazanluk,   Sofia, 1983
Bibliographia Thracia I, Institute of Thraceology, Sophia, 1984
Thrace 3,1976, Semaines Philippopitaines de l'Histoire et de la Culture Thrace Plovdiv 1976

Some other books ...
 

B. Filow, L’art antique en Bulgarie, (Sofia 1925).
I. Venedikov - T. Gerassimov, Thracian Art Treasures, (London 1975).
I. Venedikov, Thracian Treasures from Bulgaria, (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art 1977).
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