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30 abril       2005

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  Escrituras megalíticas(IV-III milenio)  en Huelva



                                ESCRITURAS MEGALÍTICAS HISPANAS  
Raspador de flecha. Útil con ESCRITURA MEGALITICA, HUELVA 1 , lineal, o tipo "san Bartolomé" sg. VÁZQUEZ HOYS, en prensa.  Se data en la época megalítica , IV-III milenio a.C., Huelva, España. Se descubrió en 1946 y no se ha tenido en cuenta hasta ahora(29-marzo 2995),debido a la alta cronología


Calco del arqueólogo de los 24 signos de la  escritura Huelva 1, lineal o  de San Bartolomé, sg.Vázquez Hoys, trazados en el  pulidor de flecha o vulva,  tomados  de la memoria de excavación de 1946. Además, las rayas del canto.


See the  similarity with an example of symbols-letters found  in Ftelia (Mykonos, Greece)(Cfr.below)

ESCRITURA MEGALITICA HUELVA 2, tipo La Zarcita o  "Cuadrada", sg.Vázquez Hoys

Solo conozco estas tres o cuatro letras.


El ajuar de La Zarcita en el Museo de Huelva. En primer término, la cara de la navecita con los signos de la escritura Huelva2

  Época megalítica. IV-III milenio a.C.




Existen además otros signos, que también aparecen en la Cultura Vinça en otros objetos y un tipo que denomino HUELVA 3 o "Geométrica" en una jarra cerámica y unos objetos extraños, aunque puede tratarse también de una decoración geométrica.



Liebe Kollegen,

Es freut mich sehr Ihnen mit zu teilen von der Identifizierung von mindestens ZWEI Schrifttypen in megalithisch Zeichen (VI – III Jahrtausend vor Christlus) in Huelva (Spanien). Die megalithische Zeichen kommen aus alte Ausgrabungen von Cerdán und Leisner (1946) publiziert in 1952, 1975… und sind im archäologischen Museum Huelva ausgestellt.

Web: htt://

Vorläufig habe ich die spanische Geschichte Akademie am 30/3/05 informiert und ich studiere weiter am Deutsche Archäologischen Institut in Madrid um diese Entdeckung zu bestätigen weil ich nicht normalerweise in der megalithischen Periode untersuche sondern in Urgeschichte und alte Geschichte von pyrenäen Halbinsel.

Wenn Sie sich zu meinen Brief äussern möchten, würde ich mich sehr freuen. Sie können in spanisch, englisch, französisch oder italienisch mit mir korrespondieren.


Dr. Ana Mª Vázquez. Altesgeschite abteilung. UNED, Madrid, Spanien.


Dear colleagues:

I am glad to communicate the identification of at
least two different types of writing in utensils found
in the province of Huelva (southern Spain) in a
Megalithical context (VI-III Millenium B. C.).

The items were unearthed during old excavations in
Cerdán and  Leisner(1946), pub.1952, 1975, etc. and
are exposed in the Archaelogical Museum in Huelva.

For more information, please visit the URL:

I communicated this finding officially to the Royal
Academy of Spanish History on 30th March 2005.  After
this date, I proceeded with a more exhaustive study of
the items in the German Archaelogical Institute in
Madrid, with the assistance of colleagues specialised
in Pre-History, with the intention of establishing
scientifically the foundations of the discovery.  The
megalithical world is not my main area of
investigation.  I especialise in the study of Ancient
History and the Protohistory of the Iberian Peninsula,
of lower chronologies.

Kind regards,

Dra.Ana Maria Vazquez Hoys,
Ancient History Dept.
Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia,
Edificio Humanidades
c/ Senda del Rey  no. 7,
Despacho 527, Madrid, Spain.


Formulas inscribed on a spindle whorl from Dikili Tash

This inscribed spindle whorl is 6,000 years old and comes from Dikili Tash (Greek Thrace).
This complex inscription on the spindle whorl has long, complex writings that follow the circular movement of the tool and consists of glyphs with a specific identity and recalling those of seals and tablets.
In Old Europe weaving is generally closely linked to myths and religious rites and the act of spinning is full of allegorical and sacred force. It is thus difficult to explain these inscriptions with their practical use. Spindle whorls are among the most significant votive offerings found in cult centres and burial grounds.
The whorls rotate when in use and it is thus possible that the geometric motifs represent writing with cyclical, periodic features. Or are they meant to be read by the faithful or the divinity as the whorl turns? Is this a kind of prayer directed towards to the heavens like the Tibetan prayer wheels?
The inscription from Dikili Tash could be a ritualistic formula for expressing devotion, requests or gratitude or could describe a myth.


Haarmann H., Early Civilization and Literacy in Europe. An Inquiry Into Cultural Continuity in the Mediterranean World, Berlino, New York, 1995.
Merlini M., Was Writing Born in Europe? Searching for a Sacred Script, Rome ( in preparation



Sunday, February 06, 2005
Origins of Writing : Danube Scripts led to Pharaonic Egyptian Hieroglyphs : Confirmation by Pottery Comparison 

This is a very important posting because it is a major pioneering step forward in resolving the question of the origin of human writing.

I have been able to decipher several of the Balkan Danube Scripts (ca. 4000-3000 BC) from Transylvania (Romania), Karanovo (Bulgaria) and from Thracian Greece as astronomy. In addition, I have been able to decipher the Djer wooden and ivory tablets from Abydos and Saqqara (ca. 3000 BC) - also as astronomy. In my view, this resolves the question of the origin of Pharaonic writing - it derives from what are today called the Danube Scripts, whatever their provenance may be.

Here are the decipherments (labels are underneath each graphic):

Danube Script Deciphered

Danube Script from Transylvania deciphered as astronomy,
a Planisphere (sky map) dating to ca. 4000 BC

Lepenski Vir Script Deciphered

Lepenski Vir Circular Planisphere (sky map) deciphered,
dating to ca. 4000 BC

Dikili Tash Script Deciphered

Greek Thracian Spindle Whorl from Dikili Tash
deciphered as a planisphere dating to ca. 3750 BC

Karanovo Script Deciphered

Karanovo Script deciphered as a Planisphere
dated to ca. 3000 BC

Comparison of Danube Script and Karanovo Planisphere Decipherments

Comparison of Danube Script and Karanovo Planisphere

Lepenski Vir and Danube Script Decipherments compared

Comparison of Lepenski Vir Script and Danube Script Decipherments

Djer Tablets Deciphered

Decipherment of the Wooden Tablet of Djer (from Saqqara)
and the Ivory Tablet of Djer (from Abydos)
as Pharaonic Planispheres (sky maps).

The last two decipherments had already been made in 2002 but had not yet been posted. Sometimes I make these decipherments and then they are simply forgotten on the hard disk. But I think that a posting now fits in well with the Danube Script decipherments. Indeed, perhaps now was the right time to post them.

As one can easily see from the similar symbols not just generally, but also for specific groups of stars (e.g. Orion and Canis Major (Sirius)), the scripts undeniably have the same origin, as the style of the symbols is the same, only that the corpus of symbols has been expanded on the Djer tablets and of course this expansion continued from there on into the development of hieroglyphic writing in Pharaonic Egypt.

These results confirm the analysis of ancient pottery I have previously made about the similarity of Dnieper, Dniester, Danube, Sumerian and Pharaonic pottery, with an exact ceramic match between the Boian Culture, the Sumerian and the Pharaohs of Egypt.

Baltic pottery 5000 BC........Boian pottery 5000 BC........Dnieper pottery 5000 BC

Baltic 5000 BC......Boian 5000 BC......Dnieper 5000 BC

Boian closeup........Sumerian Ware........Predynastic Nile

Boian Closeup.........Sumerian Ware.....Predynastic Nile

Djoser........Tutankhamun........Esau's Edom

Djoser..................Tutankhamun........Esau's Edom


How anyone can fail to see the obvious relationship
is beyond my understanding. Are archaeologists blind?

The Danube Script and the Hieroglyphic Writing of Egypt as found in rudimentary form on the Djer Tablets have NOTHING to do with token counting in Mesopotamia. Zero. I go into this more deeply below.

My attention to the Danube Scripts came through snail mail from a friend who sent me a past article on the history of writing as published in a German newspaper (Ulli Kulke, "Es begann mit der Sintflut", Fueilleton, Die Welt, October 10, 2003).

That article cites to two books by Harald Haarmann: 1) Geschichte der Schrift [The History of Writing] and 2) Geschichte der Sintflut - Auf den Spuren der frühen Zivilisation [The History of the Flood - On the Track of Early Civilization], both published by C.H. Beck in Munich.

Haarmann reports that dendrochronological dating of artefacts has shown that the Danube Script, which has been known for decades, is generally becoming to be known as the oldest human writing, in spite of resistance by the "Mesopotamianists" who wish to attach the title of "Mother of all Scripts" to Iraq and to the previous Sumerian culture once extant there.

The Danube script originates in Europe and not the Middle East (see map).

There is considerable controversy on the issue of writing origins.

As written at the Wikipedia under "Writing":

"The first examples of writing are probably cave drawings, most famously found in France. Even these proto-languages show significant structure. The first examples of structured linear writing have been found in the lower Danube Valley and date from around 5000 BC. The first examples of Sumerian writing in Mesopotamia date from around 4000 BC...."

What my new decipherments show is that (at least these) Danubian symbols are astronomical, raising the interesting issue of whether writing developed from astronomical symbols - as appears to be case - rather than from signs for counting, which is a disputed theory propagated by Denise Schmandt-Besserat.

It is in fact quite clear from the evidence that I have now presented that the hieroglyphs of Egypt developed from early pictorial signs as found on the Danube Scripts and not from counting tokens.

One MUST compare the ivory and wooden tablets of Djer to the Danube Scripts. The genetic relationship is unmistakeable.

Maria Carmela Betrò writes that the first specimens of Sumerian writing are basically pictographic (pictorial writing)...." and are not tokens. See also LexiLine.

Accordingly, the token theory has little credence and I find that we have presented very persuasive evidence here that Pharaonic Egyptian hieroglyphic writing developed out of what are today called the Danube Scripts. The initial use of these symbols, as I have clearly demonstrated in my decipherments, was for astronomy, and that takes us to Stars Stones and Scholars and Neolithic astronomy.

Haarmann H., Early Civilization and Literacy in Europe. An Inquiry Into Cultural Continuity in the Mediterranean World, Berlino, New York, 1995.


An inscription with many " characters "

At Ftelia (Mykonos, Greece) an example of symbols-letters occurred. It is composed of many "characters".
A communication code, which could belong to a Protobalkan script, already exists in the Balkans during the Neolithic Age.


An inscription with many " characters "

At Ftelia (Mykonos, Greece) an example of symbols-letters occurred. It is composed of many "characters".
A communication code, which could belong to a Protobalkan script, already exists in the Balkans during the Neolithic Age.


A. Sampson, The Neolithic Settlement at Ftelia, Mykonos, Rhodes, 2002



by Adamantios Sampson

University of the Aegean, 2002


The Neolithic settlement of Ftelia is situated in the northern part of the island of Mykonos. The mound of Ftelia covers a real settlement, extenting in the present to more than half an hectar, with thick deposits and an impressive abundance of debris from the everyday life of its inhabitants.

The project was undertaken in 1995 by the Ephorate of Cyclades of the Ministry of Culture, under the direction of Dr Adamantios Sampson, then Ephor of Antiquities. The excavation continued in 1996, was suspended for three years, and was fully set forth since the year 2000 under the direction of the same person, who is now professor of Archaeology,  and the auspices of the University of the Aegean, Department of Mediterranean Studies

So far four structural levels have been observed, but the latest one is very destroyed by the erosion. The most important is a building of megaron –like type on the top of the hill, ascribed to the earliest phase of the settlement. It is directed North-South and has walls preserved at the height of 1.40 m. After five years of excavating, an enormous quantity of material, mainly pottery sherds, has been catalogued. It has been noted that pottery consists mainly of plain unpainted ware in higher strata, while black ware increases in number in the earlier ones. A decorated pottery consists of thick white or red slip that covers the vase’s black burnished surface after firing. This pottery is part of the production of a local workshop that appears in the Cyclades for the first time.

Obsidian tools also occur in remarkable abundance. Arrow- and spearheads of excellent workmanship in particular occur in many tens, demonstrating a marked specialisation in hunting or fishing

The project's purpose from the beginning was to clarify the prehistoric occupation sequence in the area of Cyclades, with emphasis on issues of subsistence strategies and contacts with the Greek mainland and Asia Minor. The project also intended to enrich our knowledge on the palaeoenvironment, and to detect phenomena such as sea level changes, regional palaeogeomorphology, and climatic conditions.


Neolithic facsimile to the classic Greek letters

A ceramic fragment of 7,000-6,500 years ago is bearing the facsimile to the classic Greek letters Alpha, Epsilon and Delta in a row. It cames from the Cave of Cyclope at the desert islet Youra (Northern Sporades, Greece).
This find proves that the classic Greek alphabet is older than the Greek linear alphabets. It also disprove the theory that Greek alphabet derived from the Phoenicians one, which is 3,500 years younger than the Cave of Cyclope incised potsherds.
The discovery of this ceramic fragment of of Neolithic pot (5000-4500 BC) was conducted by the distinguished archaeologist Adamantios Sampson, supervisor of the Inspectorate for Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities of the Cyclades.
In a publication on the Cave of Cyclope deposit professor Sampson reported that: "The Neolithic material was enriched with the unexpected recovery of a small-sized sherd from a coarse close-shaped vase bearing incised unidentifiable symbols. It is possible that it echoes evidence on an Aegean Neolithic 'script' or 'proto-script', a very fashionable subject of discussion in Greece, after similar finds in Kastoria lake, East Macedonia".
Who, in Greece, was writing in Greek more than 3,000 years before the mythological "Greek speakers" supposedly migrated into this land?


Sampson A., The Greek Neolithical Civilization, Goulandris Foundation, 1996.
Sampson A., Cave of Cyclope, Youra, Alonnessos, Ministry of Culture, 2000




Merlini M., Was Writing Born in Europe? Searching for a Sacred Script, Rome ( in preparation