An on-line atlas of the ancient Mediterranean world.


814/3 a.C. Fundación de Cartago según  Timeo.  (350-260 BCE),  historiador  de  Taormina enn Sicilia. F.Gr.Hist. 566 fr.60
Sixth Century a.C.  Constitution oligárquica.. Originally a governer (skn) reported to the king of Tyre.
508 and 450 a.C. Rome and the Carthaginians sign treaties.
480 a.C. The Greek colonies under the tyrants Gelon and Theron defeat the Hamilcar Barca and his Carthaginian at Himera in Sicily, thereby impeding Carthaginian interests in that area. Note that the Western Greeks are fighting this battle at the same time the Greeks on mainland Greece are fending off the Persians under Xerxes. Under Hamilcar's grandson, Hannibal, Himera is destroyed in 409 BCE. After the 480 battle, a temple to Athena was built to mark the victory. See below two views of the temple in its present form--a church but one can clearly see the Doric columns and doric frieze.

Photo: © C. Renaud

Photo: © C. Renaud

End fifth century BCE Takes over Greek colonies in western part of Sicily, including Selinus in 406 BCE.
 Periodo helenístico (323-30 a.C.) The city of Carthage at its largest extent. By the end of the fourth century, about 200, 000 people were living there--an extraordinary number for cities in the ancient world.
264-40 a.C. First Punic War. As consequence of War, Sicily and Sardinia fall into Roman hands.
218 a.C. Hannibal Barca precipitates war against Rome when he besieges Saguntum in Spain. He escapes the Roman army sent to stop him, marches across the Alps in the winter, and defeat three consular armies in 218, 217 and 216 BCE.
202 L. Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal at Zama (in Tunisia). Second Punic War ends (218-202 BCE). During siege of Syracuse, Archimedes dies (212 BCE)
146 BCE L. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus destroys Carthage. End of Third Punic War (149-146 BCE)
19 BCE Vergil dies; Augustus has his 'unfinished' national epic published. Integral to the epic is Aeneas' stay in Carthage. In the Aeneid, Vergil explains the mythical causes of the emnity between the Romans and Carthaginians
Late First Century BCE Augustus, following the intentions of his adoptive father Julius Caesar, establishes a colony of veterans on the site of Punic Carthage.
Second Century Apogee of city under Romans. Carthage at this time is the third largest city in the empire nad the second largest in the Western Mediterranean after Rome itself. The emperorAntoninus Pius has a large bathing complex constructed for the city, the ruins of which are still visible today.
Second-Fourth Centuries Carthage enjoys prosperity and becomes a center of the Christian church in the West. Such notable Christian writers as Tertullian and Augustine lived in Carthage.
439 Succumbs to Vandals and eventually to the Byzantine Empire.
697 Falls to Muslims.
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Carthago non delenda est

Vuelta arriba.


Bibliografía y Links

Links Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
Primary sources on Carthage Perseus site.
Carchedon Greek name for ancient Carthage.
The Research Communications Division - OVPR - UGA From the University of Georgia's excavations at Carthage.
Commentary on Book 4 of the Aeneid
Khader, A and Soren, D., eds., Carthage: A Mosaic of Ancient Tunisia (New York1987)
Lancel, S., Carthage: A History English Translation (Oxford 1995)
Greene, J.A., Ager and 'Arosot: Rural Settlement and Agrarian History in the Carthaginian Countryside (1990)
Ennabli, A.., ed., Pour sauver Carthage. (1992)
Hurst and Roskams, eds., Excavations at Carthage: The British Mission 1, in two parts (1984)
Gros, P., ed., Byrsa 3. (1985). The Byrsa was the summit of both the Punic and Roman city.
Humphrey, J.H. ed., Excavations at Carthage 1975-1978. 7 volumes. (1976-82) and
Humphrey, J. H.., ed., The Circus and a Byzantine Cemetery at Carthage (1988). In his text, Roman Circuses, Professor Humphrey has a description of the circus at Carthage.
Fentress, E., ed., ROMANIZATION AND THE CITY. CREATION, TRANSFORMATIONS AND FAILURES.JRA Supplement 38. To order a copy of this JRA Supplement, go here


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