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 NÚMERO 16 (2019)
























 

Mª CARMEN LÓPEZ SÁENZ


Razones del feminismo frente a la arrogancia de la razón dominante
The Reasons of Feminism versus the Arrogance of dominating Reason

RESUMEN

El artículo confronta el análisis merleau-pontiano de los cuatro caracteres del “cuerpo propio” en Phénoménologie de la Perception (I.2) con el tratamiento original que Husserl realizó de los mismos puntos en Ideen II (II.3). Se examinan sus respectivos análisis de la permanencia ab-soluta, las sensaciones dobles, las cenestesias y las cinestesias para deter-minar el diferente significado que com-porta el “cuerpo propio” para cada autor. Se observa así que las “ubiestesias” no desempeñan para Merleau-Ponty el rol constitutivo del cuerpo propio que tienen para Husserl. Esto conduce a distinguir, siguien-do a Husserl, dos sentidos diferentes de propie-dad. Mientras que Husserl asocia el cuerpo propio con un sentido secundario de propiedad, derivado de un sentido yoico originario, para Merleau-Ponty la experiencia más básica del yo y de lo propio es vivida por un sujeto corporal al percibir y moverse..

PALABRAS CLAVES

Fenomenología, feminismo, intersubjetividad, ética, intropatía.


ABSTRACT

Starting from the work of Vicent Martínez in which he explains what he understands by "practical rationality" in the framework of his philosophical studies for peace -also for peace between genders-, I rethink my own contributions to the interaction between phenomenology and feminism, particularly the link of the phenomenological critique of objectivism and the unmasking of patriarchal reason in order to demonstrate that the non-indifferent recognition of plurality is not at odds with the autonomy and universality of reason, but exclusively with the instrumental reason which dominates until the 21st century. I consider this dominating reason from Husserl's diagnosis of the crisis of the sciences as well as from the criticism to Modernity undertaken by the Frankfurt School. I will pay attention on the third generation of this School as well as on the French phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty in order to reclaim an enlarged reason which not only has epistemological implications, but existential. This reason can even help overcome the dualisms that have arisen within feminism. Feminism is a tradition of thought that, in dialogue with phenomenology, can attain a philosophical radicalization while phenomenology can take root in the feminist movement and with it, in the self-responsibility of humanity.

KEYWORDS

Phenomenology, Feminism, Intersubjectivity, Ethics, Intropathy.